As with many European cities, the remnants of the era of industrialization are seen in factory and production site buildings whose initial function are no longer needed. Lille was designated the European Capital of Culture of 2004, which allowed for the initiation of a large reconstruction project. The project, Maison Folie, encompassed the vast reconstruction of twelve industrial buildings in Lille and also in Belgium.
The Actura Water Tower in Sweden holds 6.8 million gallons of boiling water that is used to heat homes in the surrounding region. Interestingly, and unlike most water towers, the top of the 215-foot high structure houses a skyline restaurant, while the ground level below the tank features a ski center that is often used in international sports competitions.
In a small town near Venice, skilled craftsmen are born, allowing the town to be referred to the “land of shoes.” Furthering the town of Fiesso d’Artico’s reputation of Italian artisans, architect Jean-Marc Sandrolini designed the Louis Vuitton Factory for the manufacturing of their luxury shoes.